Electronics Gadgets – 13-Plus Disclaimers and Disclaimer Templates to Keep You Out of Trouble

Selling electronic gadgets can be a tricky business, because the products tend to be both physically fragile and can be prone to malfunction. One way to protect yourself is by using disclaimers.

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Customers could begin returning defective gadgets in large numbers – disclaimers can protect you from being liable for a replacement or refund.

You must also look at packaging and your transit company’s shipping warranties, as deficient products and services in this regard can lead to damaged goods reaching the customer.

Some issues that may require disclaimers include:
* Laws in different countries
* Electronic standards used in different countries,
* Different operational methods
* The difficulty of installation
* Potential health hazards

A Typical Disclaimer

Usually labelled as Terms & Conditions, Important Terms, Disclaimers, Warranty and Exchange Information, or something similar. It’s usual to use several disclaimers to cover as many of your requirements as possible:

* Condition of the item being sold. Condition of the packaging.
* Shipment restrictions – which countries will you ship to? Is there a shipping warranty?
* Recommendations for restrictions on the products use – not to be used around pets or by small children, for example.
* Accepted payment methods.
* Availability of refunds, exchanges and warranties.
* Legal restrictions on the products use.

Disclaimer Examples

The following are somewhat random examples of disclaimers, all taken from eBay. Obviously, you’ll have to tailor each disclaimer to each product and your own shipping/payment/warranty/restriction needs.

** GSM Cell phones:

Online electronics gadgets sellers often need to add disclaimer notices to their cell phones because not all GSM cell phone network uses the same frequency.

With the traditional 2G and 2.5G networks there were four main frequencies: 850MHz, 900MHz, 1800MHz and 1900MHz.

Phones that used 900MHz, and 1800MHz bands traditionally worked in most countries (with the exception of the US, North America and US territories) while 850MHz and 1900MHz phones traditionally worked in the US, North America and US territories.

The 3G system has further compounded matters by working on a different frequency and not being compatible with some phones being produced now.

A good disclaimer for GSM cell phones would read as follows:

NOTE: This product is compatible with GSM at the frequencies of 900MHz, 1800MHz. This cellphone will not work in North America.

** Radar Scanners:

While radar scanners are popular, it is illegal to buy, or use them.

This is largely because their main purpose is to identify speed cameras or police officers to avoid speeding tickets. This essentially explains both its illegality and its popularity.

To cover yourself include the following disclaimer:

NOTE: Certain countries prevent the use and ownership of these devices. You are solely responsible for finding out whether this product is legal to import and/or use in your country. We will send you the products you order and cannot accept any liability for customs issues or any implications of your ownership or usage of this device.

** Ni-Cad Batteries:

Ni-Cad batteries have a memory, as a result they work better and have a longer lifespan if they are charged a certain way when they are first used.

As a result this would be a good disclaimer:

NOTE: Ni-Cad batteries give their best performance if fully un-charged and charged three times after purchase.

** Cell Phone/Wi-Fi/radio signal blockers:

Like radar detectors these items are not exactly legal in all situations. However, this doesn’t stop them being popular to certain people.

This is a suitable disclaimer to use with blockers:

These devices may not be permissible to import into certain countries due to licensing of broadcast signals or other restrictions. Please check your country’s telecommunications regulations before placing your order.

** Thermometers:

You’re not a health professional. The chances are the people buying these electronic gadgets from you won’t be either.

This won’t stop them blaming you if a loved one became seriously ill if they were ‘misdiagnosed’ because of a reading from a thermometer they brought from you.

To cover yourself include the following disclaimer:

Note: This device is meant for personal uses only, please refer to a physician or health professional.

** Breathalyzers:

We all know why people buy breathalyzers. It’s for them to check whether or not they are able to drive home, or whether they will need to catch a cab.

As a result, if they fly too close to the wind and get caught they’re going to try to use YOUR device in their defense.

This is a suitable disclaimer to use in this case:

Note: This is a reference tool only and can not be used as a legal defense.

** GPS Devices:

The type of disclaimers you need on GPS devices depend on the type of devices you are carrying and the level of support you are willing to give to customers.

If you are dealing with GPS receivers for example and are sourcing from a factory which offers GPS ready devices that don’t come with the necessary maps then you will need to let customers know that they will need to supply their own maps.

It is worth noting that very few vendors from China actually supply the genuine GPS map software and it may be worth getting a test order of a GPS receiver sent to yourself to make sure you’re not selling GPS devices with software that is cracked or a sample.

To cover yourself include the following disclaimer:

The unit includes evaluation GPS software only. We recommend purchasing a GPS software package from your home country that best covers your region of the world.

** GPS Trackers

A number of problems can arise from the sale of GPS trackers. If the tracker is small they can be used for nefarious purposes (maliciously keeping track of family members and loved ones for example). A customer may also expect to see GPS software when none is included.

As a result, you may want to include one of the two disclaimers:

This model does not come with any GPS navigation map software

Seller takes no responsibility for harm resulting from misuse of this item

**Heart Rate Monitors:

You’re not a health professional. The chances are the people buying these electronic gadgets from you won’t be either.

This won’t stop them blaming you if a loved one became seriously ill if they were ‘misdiagnosed’ because of a reading from a thermometer they brought from you.

To cover yourself include the following disclaimer:

Note: This device is meant for personal uses only, please refer to a physician or health professional.

** Car DVD Players:

If you have ever dealt with car stereos (or anything else to do with cars or electronics) you’ll know how complicated they can be.

You’ll also know that the average consumer loves to blame you for their goof-ups.

As a result it may be a good idea to include this disclaimer with any car DVD players you sell

For optimum performance we recommend that you have this car DVD unit installed by a professional.

** Spy Listening Devices:

While spy listening devices may seem cool it is illegal to use them in some locations and courts of law will not allow recordings from them to be used as evidence unless both parties taped have signed release forms.

To cover yourself include the following disclaimer:

NOTE: Certain countries prevent the use and ownership of these devices. You are solely responsible for finding out whether this product is legal to import and/or use in your country. We will send you the products you order and cannot accept any liability for customs issues or any implications of your ownership or usage of this device.

** Fish Finders:

Fish are notoriously difficult to find. Even with a fish finder. As a result you will need to protect yourself in case somebody they complain that they haven’t been able to spot any fish.

To cover yourself include the following disclaimer:

Seller takes no responsibility for environmental factors which may inhibit the performance of this device.

** Chargers:

Regardless of whether you are selling a back-up battery or a solar charger there are always issues surrounding the connection type the voltage and the specific capacity of devices it is compatible with.

As a result you will need to list all the relevant details that apply to the charger you are listing and include the following disclaimer:

This charger is only compatible with devices with the specifications listed. Please pay careful attention to the listing.

** Spy Cameras with Audio:

While surveillance cameras are perfectly legal and respected cameras with audio devices are not.

To be used in a court of law both parties taped have signed release forms.

To cover yourself include the following disclaimer:

NOTE: Certain countries prevent the use of recorded audio footage to be used as evidence in legal cases. You are solely responsible for learning and adhering to the standards of your country when using this product.

** Car Electronics:

Depending on the age of electronics used in the car a number of issues may arise.

Most of these issues surround the compatibility between the device you are listing and the car that the potential buyer wants to put them in to.

You may want to include the following disclaimer:

This device is only compatible with devices with the specifications listed. Please pay careful attention to the listing.

As I mentioned, these disclaimers are examples of what they should look like – you may want to write a disclaimer that suits your particular needs as a seller, taking into account the qualities of the product in question and both your location and the location of your customer.

Investing In A Structurally Unbalanced World

1. US Net Exports Have to Pick Up — Since 1992 the US has been registering ever larger current account and net export deficits. (Net exports are the major item in the current account.) At the same time other so-called developing countries, notably China in recent years, have registered massive current account and net export surpluses. This trend was only partially reversed by the cyclical fall off in US imports during the Great Recession in 2008. These massive current account and trade deficits have to be financed and this financing has resulted in equally massive dollar reserve holdings by China and other so-called developing countries. They also are also consistent with the view that American manufacturing jobs have suffered from this process.

Simple economic theory would suggest that capital intensive developed countries like the United States run current account surpluses with the relatively less capital intensive developing world. Developing labor intensive countries like China would run current account deficits. Admittedly this simple picture is complicated by the role the dollar plays as the world’s international currency. The United States needs to provide dollars to the world (something it has done with unbridled enthusiasm.)

Still on a structural basis one would expect that this trend of large US current account and net export deficits cannot go on forever. One might expect that the economic signals-including a cheaper dollar against the countries of East Asia– would favor US exports. My forecast would be that US companies that have an international scope and are able to access capital will fare relatively well in the coming years (assuming no major global recession). Moreover US has an expertise in technology. Approaching this from a macro top down perspective, I would conclude that larger companies with comfortable cash positions, global brand names and preferably technology niches would be well positioned as this necessary structural change in the global economic order unfolds.

2. Buy Gold, Sell Treasuries — The international monetary and domestic banking systems will continue to provide an inflationary global bias. In issue after issue of The Dismal Optimist I have argued that the global and domestic financial systems are inherently inflationary and dysfunctional and lack automatic mechanisms to correct imbalances. Thus China can hold down the value of the renmimbi by buying dollars thereby inflating Chinese high powered money supply, increasing Chinese holdings of US dollar assets and lowering US interest rates. Thus the Federal Reserve can get away with reckless printing of US high powered money, aka QEII, and finance the burgeoning US government debt.

Several respected economists, notably Gary Shilling, have argued persuasively that the US will be in a real estate driven debt deflation for the next several years and that long term Treasuries are a good investment. I might agree with this if the United States operated in isolation. But I think the global picture is inflationary thanks to the dysfunctional international monetary system and the army of money printing and currency manipulating central banks around the world. Inflation will creep into the US from abroad even as painful debt deflation continues to affect the domestic consumer. The worst of all worlds.

One can argue about the real factors affecting global inflation and their effects on commodity prices. One can argue that continued technology driven productivity enhancements combined with the addition to the global economy of giant labor pools from countries like India and China will provide what Shilling calls “good deflation.” Offsetting that is the view that all these new Indian and Chinese consumers will add to global demand on agricultural, energy and industrial commodities and thereby provide an inflationary commodity price bias. I tend towards the later view although a Chinese hard landing in 2011 could cut global demand and temporarily slow down the commodity story especially in the non-agricultural area. But either way, the massive increases in global money supplies thanks to our dysfunctional international monetary system are going to push commodity prices up.

I continue to believe gold should be in the typical investor’s portfolio. Fiat money is not trustworthy as the inflationary record of the US shows. For example, what you could buy for $1.00 in 1914-the year the Federal Reserve began operations and the gold standard was by and large abandoned – would cost $21.16 in 2009. What you could buy for $1.00 in 1871-the year financial historians assign to the advent of a universally accepted gold standard – would have cost $.84 in 1914.

I also think nominal interest rates globally will trend up in 2011 in response to the global monetary inflation and disastrous US fiscal situation. The market’s response to QE2 has been higher long term US Treasury interest rates. The world has started to mistrust the US government and its debt. The alternative explanation, paraded endlessly in the financial media, that long rates have risen because QE2 was going to be so successful in stimulating the economy, belongs in the realm of standup comedy.

3. Get Ready for Troubles with US State and Local Governments Over a year ago I wrote that public sector wages, benefits and pension plans would overwhelm the finances of many states and municipalities. This is now old news. The so-called stimulus package last year helped bail out the states. But this year with a Republican House and burgeoning Federal deficits there will be tremendous political resistance to further bailouts. The financial media has now caught up with this issue. Meredith Whitney, the only sell side equity analyst to have correctly called the subprime crisis, is raising warnings on this issue. There’s a lot of pain ahead on this and cuts in public sector wages, benefits and pensions will have to come but they won’t come easily. New York, California and Illinois in particular are three large states in very large fiscal trouble.

My question: Can the stock market do well when bombs are going off in the state and municipal sectors? Will stocks become a place of refuge or do we go back to the “everything goes down” mode of 2008. My best guess is that well capitalized, large cap, export oriented, technology oriented US companies will be seen as a place of refuge. As will gold. Stocks of banks that own large quantities of municipal bonds are another matter.

4. 2011 Looks to Be a Difficult Year for China – Chinese interest rates though still negative in real terms are going up, massive bank lending in 2009 and 2010 must have brought with it significant yet-to-be-revealed non-performing loans, the country has over invested in infrastructure projects and real estate, the currency is still undervalued, inflation is a real problem thanks to strong money growth, environmental problems are legion. The list goes on. Most analysts are debating whether China will have a hard or soft landing in 2011. Nobody knows the answer to this, especially for a country where statistics are sparse and unreliable and transparency is lacking. It is no accident that in renminbi terms the Shanghai A share market was down almost 17% in 2010. The market doesn’t like what it sees.

Longer term I remain very bullish on China. For the last few thousand years, China has gone through long cycles of increasing power, national unity and expansion, followed by slow decline and then national disintegration. And then the cycle repeats. With the ascent of Deng Xiaoping in the late 1970s and the disaster of the Cultural Revolution imprinted on all minds, the national disintegration phase ended. China is now in the up-phase of increasing power, national unity and expansion. I have no doubt that a nation of 1.3 billion hard working talented people with a religious craving for material improvement is a great long run place to put your money. I regard forecasts of China collapsing due to social unrest or regional problems as fundamentally at variance with the long run historical trend.

The US in the nineteenth century was the world’s rising economic power. But it wasn’t all smooth sailing. Occasional crises were experienced along the way such as the defaults of the states in the 1840s, the Civil War of 1860-65, the Panics of 1873 and 1893. Foreign investors from time to time lost their collective shirts as the US marched on to greatness. But the US emerged stronger after each crisis as economic and political imbalances were corrected. Crises correct imbalances and force the resolution of heretofore unsolvable political problems. For example, India’s early 1990s ditching of the so-called “License Raj” only came response to a foreign exchange crisis.

I am not wishing a crisis on China. But China in my opinion needs to make some tough decisions and these decisions will benefit investors in the long run. China is following what has been called the East Asia Model, i.e. a high degree of protectionism with all kinds of administrative and tariff restrictions on imports, an undervalued exchange rate, an over-emphasis on investment, an over-emphasis on exports, a massive interference in the markets, a predatory approach to foreign technology, an over-accumulation of dollar reserves and over-investment in designated favored industries. This fundamentally mercantilist model takes advantage of the international monetary system which allows countries to hold their currencies below equilibrium levels and the expense of employment in the United States.

The East Asia Model may have reached the end of its usefulness for China. It certainly has for Japan. The time to really load up on Chinese stocks will be when it appears the government has decided to turn away from this model. Whether the government will take the necessary decisions in a gradual, rational way or whether it needs to be forced to do so by a crisis remains to be seen.

5. The Euro Will Survive – Spanish pesetas, Italian liras, Maltese liras, French francs, Belgian francs, Luxembourgian francs, Dutch guilders, Portuguese escudos, German deutschmarks, Finnish markkas, Irish pounds, Cypriot pounds, Danish krones, Austrian shillings, Greek drachmas – yuk! Who needs them all.

In fact, Europe does not. The euro represents huge financial value added as compared with the bewildering smorgasbord of currencies that existed before. History, politics, technology and geography are all lined up in support of the euro. The euro represents a tremendous step forward in European integration. The Europeans spent a good part of the twentieth century killing one another. It’s an unpleasant experience they don’t want to repeat. At the same time telecommunications and transportation technology are bringing the already geographically contiguous European nations even closer together. Don’t underestimate the power of a fiber optic cable! The Germans will pay and pay to support the euro, however contrary to their self interest some of their actions may appear from time to time. And in my opinion, no countries will leave the euro. If you think Greece is having problems now with street demonstrations, just imagine if one day Greeks woke up to find their bank accounts were suddenly denominated in drachmas (draculas?) instead of euros.

Of course the euro does suffer from the same fault as all fiat currencies. Gold is still an investment alternative for euro area investors. But against the dollar the euro will play musical chairs. When Ireland, Greece, Portugal or Spain are in the headlines (Belgium and Italy?) the euro will decline against the dollar. When California, Illinois or New York take center stage, the dollar will down against the euro. I see plenty of opportunities for traders but no trend here.

6. Take a Look at India — India is an emerging market story in its own right. It’s the odd man out in the BRIC thesis. Brazil and Russia supply commodities to China and are part of the China story. To a large extent the fate of Brazil and Russia (and numerous other emerging markets) depends on how China does in 2011. India’s not a major part of this China picture although India-China trade has been growing.

India and China may be in Asia and have a lot of people coming off the countryside, but that’s where the similarity ends. China is homogeneous (92 % Han), relatively monolithic with one national language and with a government that is, in its own mercantilist way, pro-business. India on the other hand is a heterogeneous collection of peoples, cultures and languages. Indian technology firms are global and among the best in the world. The Indian business sector operates in English and compared to China is transparent and follows the rule of law. But from an economic/business viewpoint the bureaucratic, populist Indian government although democratic can be a major obstacle. It is often said that companies succeed in China because of the government while they succeed in India in spite of the government. Still longer term that could be a positive for India. Governments usually support losers and in fact create them by insulating companies from competition and offering subsidized access to capital which encourages low productivity. Examples of this abound in China. With the exception of some state owned firms, Indian companies are private and have to compete for capital and customers without any government coddling.

Indian stocks compared to other emerging markets are not cheap. But I think typical portfolios should have some Indian exposure. In addition, because the India/China stories are not so interwoven, India offers some advantages of diversification.

Essential Information About Doing Business In Shanghai

Over the last decade, businesses in China have gone through remarkable changes. The country’s membership to the World Trade Organization resulted in the liberalization of many industry sectors. Shanghai, more than any part of the country, has led China to great prosperity. The city is notable for reliable infrastructures and business that contributed to the country’s economic growth.

Foreign investors gain interest in doing business in Shanghai because of the new laws and regulations issued after the country’s WTO accession. This led to a great need for investors that could adapt their business operations in China. Investors who operate in logistics, telecommunications, distribution and financial services gain benefits from the WTO liberalization.

Reasons To Do Business In Shanghai

The updated business regulations and tax rules in China resulted to a need for foreign investors in the country. In particular, many businesspersons are interested in doing business in Shanghai because the city is conducive to economic development. Shanghai remains as the country’s most competitive and international city. According to Peter Osborne, Senior Commissioner of Austrade and deputy consul-general in Shanghai, the city offers numerous opportunities for foreign investors. In fact, the Chinese government encourages foreign investment, particularly in priority businesses and industries.

At present, China ranks fourth when it comes to countries with the largest economy. It has sustained an average economic growth of 9.5 percent over the last three decades. In 2007, the country has reached a Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of over $3.4 trillion. It was also during this year when the country had a GDP growth rate of 11.4 percent.

Investment Climate In Shanghai

China utilizes several methods to attract investment in the country. These methods include preferential tax treatment, as well as various incentives provided to investors in high tech industries. Although the government encourages foreign investment, the country also controls and monitors the pace of opening up to other countries. There are still restrictions imposed on foreign investors such as the different requirements for approval, nature and amount of capital contributions. Some sectors also restrict the participation of foreign investors.

The Foreign Investment Catalogue provides an outline that contains information on sectors that encourage, permit, and prohibit investors from other countries. Investment in industries that focus on technology is encouraged, while “prohibited” investment includes the media and other sectors. Nevertheless, the country’s accession to the WTO has caused the narrowing down of areas with investment restrictions. This paves the way for foreign investors to engage in numerous businesses in Shanghai, and other major cities.

How To Enter The Chinese Market

Foreign investors have various options when they intend to enter the Chinese market. For instance, they can consult the Shanghai American Chamber of Commerce for details on investing in the city. Those who plan to obtain the cheapest and easiest way to start a business is by setting up a rep office. There are limitations, though, because investors are not allowed to sell services and products in the local economy. This type of business only serves as a marketing office for products imported to China by a parent company.

A joint venture is another type of business that allows a foreign company to have a partnership with a Chinese company. The co-operative joint venture and equity joint venture are among the options that foreigners have when they intend to do business in Shanghai. The only drawback is that there are legal issues associated in this form of investment.

Lastly, the Wholly Owned Foreign Enterprise serves as another investment option. The foreign company owns all the assets and makes a capital investment for the business. However, the government will require the business to demonstrate evidences that it will benefit the Chinese economy.

Russian Consumer Power Attracts U.S. Business

Russian consumers continue to be hungry for Western goods and services. The wealth generated by Russian exports of oil and gas provides Russian consumers with the means to purchase those products. U.S. corporations such as McDonald’s and Starbucks were quick to take advantage of opportunities in Russia. Even Wal-Mart opened a Russian office in January 2009, which is viewed as the company’s first step to opening stores in Russia. Medium-sized U.S. businesses are just beginning to focus on Russian markets.

Russian Consumer Power
How much disposable income do Russian consumers have? Comparing the consumer power of different nations can be difficult because the relative cost of living is so different in various countries. One measure of consumer power is Purchasing Power Parity which takes account the relative cost of living and the inflation rates of the countries. According to the World Bank, Russia is ranked 7th among nations in terms of Purchasing Power Parity, with only the US, European Union, China, Japan, India and the Germany ranked higher. Thus Russia is ranked above powerful consumer nations such as the United Kingdom, Australia, Brazil Sweden, and Switzerland.

In the past nine years, the growth of the Russian Gross Domestic Product growth has averaged 7%. Russia household consumption and fixed capital investments, which have both grown by about 10% annually since 1999, are now the primary drivers of growth.

The bottom line is that Russia is an important market for consumer goods and many American businesses are targeting Russian markets. U.S. exports to Russia are dramatically increasing; from 2006 to 2008, US exports increased 50%. Direct investment in Russia by U.S. companies and subsidiaries is also increasing significantly; from 2004 to 2008, US investment in Russia increased by 300%.

Russian Consumers
When considering Russian consumer power, the demographics of Russian are awesome. Russia has a population of 140 million. About 73% of all Russians live in urban areas. About 20 million Russians are under 14 years old, which is a huge market for children’s products, such as electronic games. The 100 million Russians aged 15 to 64 are a massive market for consumer products such as televisions, mobile phones, and laptops. About 20 million Russians are over 65 years old, which represents a major market for products such as hearing aids and medicine.

Doing Business in Russia
Good fiscal policy has stabilized the inflation and exchange rates, according to the U.S. State Department. Russia has had a budget surplus every year since 2003 and been able to set up a large stabilization/rainy day fund ($156 billion in 2007).

Russia has been implementing economic reforms in the tax, banking, labor and land codes to improve the business climate. To join the World Trade Organization, Russia has found it necessary to modernize and regularize its regulations and laws to comply with international trade standards. Entrepreneurship in Russia is thriving, and there are more small and medium-sized businesses in Russia. As a result, U.S. companies will find more innovation and less bureaucracy when doing business in Russia.

What Does Russia Import Now?
In 2007, 54% of Russian imports were machinery, equipment and transport equipment. About 14% or Russian imports were chemical products and rubber. Food products and agricultural raw materials were also about 14% of Russian imports.

There was a total of about $27 billion of import/export business in 2007 between America and Russia. In America exported about $7.4 billion in goods to Russia in 2007. This was an increase of 57% increase over 2006, which is a dramatic increase. Among the export markets for US goods, Russia is currently the 20th-largest U.S. export market. U.S. businesses exported machinery, vehicles, meat (mostly poultry), aircraft, electrical equipment, and high-tech products to Russia.

Wireless communication is extremely popular among Russians. The mobile penetration in Russia is about 100%. There are about 190 million subscribers in Russia with a 131% penetration rate as of February 2009.

The technology used in Russia includes:
1. GSM (Global System for Mobile communications) – most popular international phone technology. The fact that it is used in 212 countries means that subscribers can use their phones in many parts of the world.
2. GPRS ( General packet radio service) – can be upgraded to SMS (Short Message Systems) which are very fast and also Multimedia Messaging Service, which sends messages that include multimedia objects (images, audio, video, rich text).
3. EDGE (Enhanced Data rates for GSM Evolution) – allows improved data transmission rates. EDGE is considered a 3G radio technology (now deployed by AT&T in the US.)

American businesses will have no problem finding Russian companies that want to purchase mobile phones. Many Russian companies advertise on trading web sites that they want to purchase mobile phones. For example, one Malovatov S.N. has been trading GSM Mobile Phones in Russia since 2001. Malatov buys new new GSM Mobile Phones manufactured and certified for to be distributed in Russian Federation. The Malatov ad states that they are open to any reliable suppliers of brand new GSM mobile phones and provides contact information. Malatov is just one of the companies seeking mobile phone suppliers.

In addition, Russian companies are seeking suppliers of laptops, ipods, pda, televisions, and radios. For example, Lincon Corporation in St. Petersburg is seeking suppliers of certain brands for these products, including Acer, Dell, Samsung, Sony, Toshiba. Another company, Agro Dynamics had an ad that they are seeking suppliers for a range of products including laptops, as well as tractors, buses, cables, mini-trucks, fertilizers, and welding machines.

Many people do not realize that Russia has extensive broadband lines that provide high speed internet access. There are about 4.9 million broadband lines in Russia, as of 2007, of which about 72 % are cable modems and the rest are DSL.

About 75% of pharmaceuticals sold in Russia are imported, and there is particular demand for innovative drugs. The value of Russian pharmaceutical imports is estimated at $6.1 billion USD in 2006, which is an increase of 43.4% over 2005. Germany and France provided over 30% of imports of pharmaceuticals to Russia. These growth rates represent a big opportunity for US business. While Germany and France are the biggest suppliers of pharmaceuticals to Russia (30%), there is plenty of room for US business in this market. As the 100 million people are in the 15-64 age bracket get older, there will be a continuing and expanding demand for pharmaceuticals that can be supplied by US companies.

Russia is expanding health insurance for its citizens and this is likely to improve their ability to purchase health care products. In January 2005, Russia established a new system of providing drugs to vulnerable population groups. By 2010, Russian plans to implement health insurance that will enable all of her people to obtain free or low-cost prescription drugs. This program will certainly increase demand for pharmaceuticals in Russia.

Opportunities for U.S.-Russian Business
U.S. businesses are already exporting machinery, vehicles, meat. aircraft, electrical equipment, and high-tech products to Russia. Telecommunications and pharmaceuticals are just two examples of the markets in Russia with great potential for the future. U.S. companies seeking to expand sales have every reason to check out the market for their goods and services in Russia.

The Most Common Mistakes US Companies Make in Entering the Chinese Market and How to Avoid Them

China is one of, if not the, most exciting emerging market in our world today. Several industries have taken hold in the Chinese market including automotive and telecommunication products and services. While China presents U.S. companies with many great opportunities, it also presents challenges that can make or break the success of a company’s entry. Common misconceptions and mistakes U.S. companies make in moving into China include:

1. Targeting China as one big market

One major error many individuals make is to assume that China is one market; China is NOT one big market. Why not? For 3 reasons:

I. It has over 600 cities. The existing distribution network and infrastructure do not support a product launch simultaneously cross the country

II. The living standard varies from city to city. The average per capita income is about USD 6000. A premium price product seems too expensive in a small city, but it does not seem too expensive in mega-cities like Beijing and Shanghai with much higher per capita income

III. There are distinctions in its culture, cuisines, dialects, climate, buying habits and more

When you introduce a premium product, targeting China as one market will dilute your efforts, if not drain you of resources altogether. You must first identify where viable markets exist within China. For example, you may need to focus on the upper-middle and upper classes of China with larger disposable incomes or perhaps you wish to target a segment of the population who consumes more of one good or product (e.g. a tomato-based food product will perform better if targeted to northern China given that the cuisine in this region uses significantly more tomato-based products in its dishes).

2. Implementing a U.S. marketing strategy in China’s market

One of the most common mistakes U.S. companies make is to take their U.S. marketing strategy and use it cookie-cutter style-copy and paste the strategy into the Chinese market. Big mistake. Different markets, different strategies. One example may be a U.S. company attempting to distribute spirits through grocery stores in China may have little to no success (versus wild success here in the U.S.) given that most spirits in China are consumed in restaurants. Understanding the context of our industry across cultures is crucial to developing a sustainable and effective marketing strategy.

3. Acting without market research

China is a very different market than U.S. in that your success in China depends on your understanding of your unique market. You must first thoroughly understand your market in order to develop a full marketing strategy. Competition in China may look vastly different from your competition here in the states. Marketing across regions in China should vary to match the unique culture and focus of that particular population. Stepping blindly into the Chinese market can be a major downfall for many.

4. Being unwilling to localize the product

It is rare that a product appropriate for U.S market is perfect for a new market; you must modify a product to make sure you’re serving your new market as best you can otherwise your success may be short-lived. Moving your product or service to China is much more than a simple re-packaging process. In China, most, if not all, companies would benefit from localization. Understand your local Chinese consumers and they will value you. For example, Hunt’s spaghetti sauce is sold in 26.5 ounce jars in the U.S. In contrast, this same product is sold in 4.4 ounce jars in China which accurately reflects the smaller family size of Chinese households.

If you exhaust your U.S. market opportunities and feel rushed into stepping into a new market simply to churn sales, slow down and complete your due diligence. Doing so will save you money and time and will produce greater success in the long run.

5. Failing to clarify and verify validity of your reasons to export

A high-end skin care company has an excess of inventory. They never export in the past, but they are looking for ways to liquidate their products by exporting to China. They begin investing money and people resources to making the shift; however they fail to realize that imported beauty products are highly regulated in China and no buyer in China is willing to move through the compliance filing for one-time transaction. Clarify why you wish to export, what your goals are in exporting to China, and how you might handle any bumps you may anticipate in exporting your product or service.

6. Plan to do everything on your own

If your organization has never exported and worked with companies in foreign countries, there is a huge chance that you will make costly and irreversible mistakes along the way. Map out your critical unknowns and the potential impact each might have on our success. Make sure to speak with a sufficient number of individuals regarding your decision such that you are prepared with knowledge and resources required to succeed in a foreign market.

Why Chinese Factories Are Number One?

Chinese factories are the world’s major manufacturing source and the companies who use made in China products enjoy great profits. A recent study reveals that the world is using just a fraction of the China’s capabilities. Companies around the world need to broaden their exposure to Chinese products in order to successfully utilize the opportunities that Chinese manufacturers offer. The advantage of made in China products are many. Manufacturers there are producing everything from clothing to footwear to pharmaceuticals to agriculture chemicals. And these products are in no way inferior to products manufactured in any other part of the globe. Quality with quantity is the characteristic of Chinese manufacturers.

With an estimated more than 100 million workers, China can deliver quality products at cost effective prices. Global companies also find Chinese factories suitable because of timely and hassle free shipping and customized product development facilities. These factories produce textile and apparel, cement, electronic parts, computers, cell phones, MP3 players, toys, automobile parts, telecommunication equipment and petroleum products. This wide range of products is quite large and is constantly changing and growing to suit the requirements of the world. Right now these factories have everything world companies are looking for in a reliable source of products.

Chinese manufacturers have access to latest technology and probably this is the reason why Chinese factories remain number one in producing world class goods whether it is a television set or mobile phone handset. Tremendous purchasing power and immense import of raw material provides China a considerable cost advantage. This gives Chinese plants a lead in terms of perception of low cost goods. No doubt these cheap but quality products are making markets around the world more competitive and providing customers best in the class. Today China enjoys the position of globe’s manufacturer.

Far from being a threat to world companies, the industrial revolution in China is a fabulous opportunity that can’t be overlooked. Chinese factories are assisting world companies by producing cost effective quality goods. Those who outsource their production to China can focus and can be rest assured that their goods will be delivered well before time. There are companies which specialize in supplying Chinese products. These suppliers take the responsibility of delivering the products directly from factories in China to your doorstep. They have all the means to import made in China goods. This is like China at your doorstep. Just place your order in advance, rest is the job of the supplier.

The United Nations Is Trying To Take Control Of The Internet

Why is the United Nations trying to take control of the Internet? The moment the U.N. is granted control of the Internet, it will be a giant step toward making it an actual global government. The U.N. would like to monitor the Internet’s architecture, traffic flow and security.

Early in December of 2012, a U.N. conference was conducted over a 2 week period in Dubai. This was called the “World Conference on International Telecommunications”. The presiding chairman of the International Telecommunication Union (ITU) “surveyed” the assembled countries to find out if they were all in favor of having an increased involvement of the U.N. in regulating the Internet. Even Google mounted a vociferous campaign against the conference’s recommendations for how much they could change everything online.

The Outcome of the Conference

China, Russia and a number of Islamic countries argued that the Internet is an international resource and that it must be governed by a global authority. Repressive regimes like those in these countries don’t thrive in an environment of freedom of speech and liberty. The U.S., Canada, Africa, Europe and a few other countries opposed this. The majority of the other nations supported the proposal, though.

This conference, unfortunately, still established a resolution to open the door for even more discourse over Internet controls. Even though this was supposed to be a “survey” run at that conference, a treaty was instituted late at night by majority rule. This treaty is to come into play in January of 2015. There is still sufficient time for political wrangling between now and then, though.

Before this conference, common citizens were getting into trouble for exercising free speech on the Internet. For instance, four Kuwaitis were jailed for purportedly using Twitter to disapprove of their country’s ruler. Nations have national sovereignty rights to enable them to do the things they each would like internally. The fact that this is already going on in several countries, though, suggests that free speech is not a priority there. However, free speech within this country is supposed to be guaranteed by our Constitution.

Current Policies vs Proposed U.N. Policies

Web addresses like “.com” are distributed freely to anyone. VS A governing body would control website distribution.

Websites can freely send information to the public. VS Websites would have to pay a fee (or tax) per visitor.

Content on a website is not restricted or censored. VS Content regularly reviewed by governing body for approval.

No penalty is imposed upon controversial content. VS Penalties of fines, website removal and jail time enforced.

The Value of the Internet

The Internet is the leading platform for free speech and freedom of expression on earth today. It promotes a free-market system of economics on an international scale. It has made information available in a quick and easy system that is publicly accessible around the world. It has completely changed communications and social networking. It has made education and employment opportunities more available to individuals in most areas of the world.

It is supposed to be an unregulated, international service that operates together with telecom systems which is free of direct interference by any government. The present guidelines that guide website traffic were not established by any government, but rather by programmers worldwide who agreed upon basic concepts.

The Internet has thrived and evolved mainly because it promotes a free and open multi-stakeholder governance system. It has never been centrally governed. Websites succeed with adherence to fundamental principles that result in increased visibilities. Their viewpoints become more renowned since they are presenting content that is current, appealing and original.


The U.N. assault on internet freedom did not end when this conference ended. The debate is still continuing and is centered upon which governing authority has the right to review and regulate the internet. Will it continue to be governed by each nation individually, or will the United Nations take over this responsibility?

If the U.N. achieves it’s objective and then publicly proclaims new regulations, these new policies would then have to be integrated throughout the Internet. Software would have to be modified to deal with these regulations. Internet service providers would need to adjust just how they operate. It would end up being a huge, problematic, expensive and likely even abusive process.

If the U.N. is allowed to acquire control over the Internet, it would be the largest power grab and corruption of its power in the U.N.’s history. Why should anyone even try to fix something which has functioned so well for such a long time and isn’t broken? Why is there now such a big push to have the Internet restricted? Is someone or something trying to control the Internet so that they can control how we think?

Censorship could become the new norm and free-market principles could be threatened. What we don’t want is a set of global treaty agreements that will allow countries to impose even more restrictive conditions upon their people. Freedom of speech is an unalienable right in this country. Let’s just hope and pray that our country’s leaders don’t throw away this right that we have before January of 2015.

Revolutionary World Of Mobile Handsets

Gone are the days when mobile meant making and receiving calls, or text messaging alone. We are in the age where a mobile phone is more of a status quo; it sure decides how boring, interesting, professional or social you are! A mobile phone, especially when it first launched in India, was strictly for reaching people in an emergency situation. But come 2010, none of us have a landline number at home, unless of course our parents insist on having one. We do not even believe in asking our friends and colleagues for their landline numbers anymore, because we are available on our personal cell phone mobile numbers 24*7, any time. Why then would you bother about a landline?

Ever wondered what an amazing device a mobile phone can be and how much it has evolved over the last decade! Not only can your Mobile Handset connect you to the world through calls and SMSes, but you can access websites on your mobile too. There has been a revolution in the world of gadgets, where a mobile phone has become a smart phone. Why do we call it that; because of the extensive features that it can support. You can make a call, send an SMS, surf the internet, download songs and images, send emails, and operate GPS on your handsets, play games, watch videos, set alarms and reminders for important dates and events, check into places on Google maps, et al. Sky is the limit when we talk of mobile today.

Initially when we thought of a mobile phone, it was a synonymous to Nokia Handsets. Our world revolved around the features offered by Nokia and nothing else seemed good enough. Today, there are over a hundred different brands offering mobile handsets in the market, and each one is better than the other. If you were quizzed to think of prominent mobile phone brands, you can remember HTC mobile, BlackBerry, Apple iPhone, Samsung mobile, Sony Ericsson, LG, Videocon, Micromax Mobile, Nokia, Fly, to name a few. But there a hundred more brands in the market, thanks to the Chinese, Korean, Taiwanese and Japanese manufacturers of mobile handsets.

What is more, the price ranges of mobile too have been considerably competitive. For instance, the features a Blackberry Smartphone can offer you at INR 20,000 will be available to you at a mere INR 5,000 all inclusive by Micromax mobile. That is how much the mobile market has evolved! And this is not all; mobile phones in the range of INR 100,000 are a rage for the rich and the famous!

It is no more a luxurious gadget to own; on the contrary, the costlier mobile you have the more savvy you are considered in your social circles. With the advent of social media networking, Windows mobile and 3G Handsets have become the talk of the town. Video conferencing is now taking over normal voice calling, and dedicated mobile messengers have taken over the ubiquitous Yahoo! Messenger. There are various mobile service providers, and the array of schemes they offer users is gargantuan. However, over the years it has been observed that CDMA services have lost out on their market share, and it is all about GSM mobiles now. Most mobile phones offered by China market are dual sim phones that allow you to use two sim cards at the same time; which means you can be present at more places than one all at the same time!

How much more can we expect the Telecommunication Industry to boom? Is there an end to this massive business? Can it get more humongous than this? Watch this space for more updates.

Facts About Pakistan Mobile Networks

Pakistan was created in 1948 after the British left the Indian Sub-continent. In 2010 the population is over 170 million making it the 6th most populated country in the world behind China, India, United States, Indonesia, and Brazil. The largest telecommunication company is the Pakistan Telecommunication Company also known as PTC that provides all the needs for local people and businesses.

In July 2010 the Pakistan increased the telecommunication tax which has resulted in prices for cheap calls to Pakistan having to be increased to 10 pence per minutes from UK. PTC now offers broadband services at a very cost effective rate.

Mobile Phone Networks in Pakistan include Ufone, Jazz also known as Mobilelink, Telenor Paktel Warid and SCO.

Ufone is by far the most popular one as it is operated by PTC. These days mobile plans include internet usage as well as the ability to check email on the go. Ufone has the best coverage across the whole of the country.

The second popular one is Mobilelink. They have great value call plans that enable even the poorest farmer to have a mobile in Pakistan.

The third one is Paktel now know as Zang as it is been taken over by a Chinese company.

All the mobile companies offer similar plans as they do in the UK. Plans now include SMS text messaging, voice mail, call forwarding and call waiting options. All these are additional extras. There are however website that offer Free SMS services to Ufone and Mobilelink mobile networks in Pakistan so this is another way to save money.

Travel to Taiwan

Taiwan is the first and the only democracy in China. You can see the future of China here. Taiwan is full of beautiful high mountains, with more than 100 peaks above 3,000 m elevation above the sea level. Taiwan is exciting, convenient, interesting and affordable.

Taiwan is also characterized by abundant rainfall and violent typhoon. It has an annual temperature of 22oC — the hottest month, July, averaging 27-28oC and the coldest month, January, 15oC — and an annual precipitation of over 2,000 mm. Taiwan is a country leading in technology use. This report covers trends and developments in telecommunications, mobile, Internet, broadband, digital TV and converging media including VoIP and IPTV developments. Taiwan is the world’s fourth largest IC maker globally, and the second after the United States in IC design. Taiwan is among the world leaders in the manufacture of PC Notebooks, TFT-LCD units, computer peripherals and mobile phones.

Taiwan is an exciting new surf location. Surfing has been here for only 8-10 years, so you can imagine the number of surf spots yet to be discovered, let alone surfed! Taiwan is now a creditor economy, holding the world’s fourth-largest stock of foreign exchange reserves ($261 billion as of August 2007). Although Taiwan enjoyed sustained economic growth, full employment, and low inflation for many years, in 2001, Taiwan joined other regional economies in its first recession since 1949. Taiwan is a free republic, a loyal American ally, a guarantor of civil liberties, and an engine of economic freedom. It does not deserve to be treated as an international pariah, or to be hastily shushed when it points out that it is China’s political equal, not a rebellious Chinese province.

Taiwan is a cross point of east and west culture, of continental and oceanic culture. The shape of Taiwan is like a long and narrow sweet potato from north to south. Taiwan is an important global power in its own right. It is now the world’s 16th largest economy,[4] the 10th largest trading power, and the third largest holder of foreign exchange reserves after China and Japan.[5] It has a larger population than Australia and a larger gross domestic product than any member of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN). Taiwan is known for its eminent mountain features that span from the north to the south of the island. These hard rock mountains had developed from series of volcanic activities during the past centuries.

Taiwan is a small island country off the southeast coast of mainland China. Not usually regarded as a top tourist destination in Asia, Taiwan is nonetheless a fascinating blend of cultures from the region. Taiwan is among few developing countries that announced specific targets to reduce its greenhouse gases emissions. The country made a commitment to stabilize its CO2 emissions at year 2000 levels by the year 2020.This paper intends to explore what factors lead Taiwan to pursue or eschew the adoption of renewable energy policies in the transitions toward a sustainable energy system. Taiwan is dominated by the Central Range of mountains which runs north to south, with the tallest peak being nearly four thousand metres high. In the east the mountains reach close to the sea, and in the west there is a fertile coastal plain which extends far and wide.

Taiwan is a democratic nation that respects human rights, freedom, and peace. Taiwan meets all the requirements of UN membership. Taiwan is a democratic society based on respect for human rights, while China is controlled by a tyrannical regime that tramples on human rights. Taiwan is a peace-loving society that poses no threat to anyone. Taiwan is also working to ink a free trade agreement with the United States, especially now that South Korea has done so. The U.S.-South Korea free trade agreement has created a lot of anxiety in Taiwan because it is feared it will increase competition in exports to the United States.

Taiwan is not generally recognized as a sovereign country internationally and is therefore not considered eligible for membership in nonproliferation treaties or export control regimes. The United States has taken an ambivalent official stance on Taiwan’s status, recognizing neither the sovereignty of Taiwan nor the PRC’s claim to sovereignty over the island. Taiwan is America’s tenth-largest export market. Taiwan has Asia’s fifth-largest military and Asia’s second-largest merchant-marine fleet (after China’s). Taiwan is also famous for it’s many night markets and active temples, especially Snake Alley and the Lungshan Temple. If all the traveling wears you out, stop in at one of Taiwan’s many natural hot springs for some rest and relaxation.

Taiwan is important to us. We don’t want to wait forever. Taiwan is a steadily growing, medium-sized market for UK education. Taiwan is also hit by typhoons, usually from July to October. Travelers planning a trip to Taiwan can obtain general information about natural disaster preparedness on the Internet from the U.S.

Taiwan is special in having this population mix. What keeps them united then? Taiwan is a place in the making. Its a shaky place, but its an island with a future. Taiwan is an island located off the southeastern coast of China. Also known as Ilha Formosa, or beautiful island, Taiwan has been inhabited for over 10,000 years.

Taiwan is also widely known as Green Silicon Valley, a kingdom of manufacturing and high technical development in computer science. In the past 50 years, there are so many daily electronic components made in Taiwan and sold to the world. Taiwan is an especially attractive locale for recent graduates with student loans to pay and travelers looking to make a quick buck. There are several reasons for this.